Mekong Delta rice land planted corn on: Motorization, expand productionUpdate: 6/3/2015
The majority of agricultural workers to visit the Mekong Delta province of Dong Thap patternrecognition corn on the efficiency of rice land, capable of replication.
Mechanized harvesting corn
28-10 days after the visit of maize hybrid model with high efficiency at Thanh Binh (Dong Thap),Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Le Quoc Doanh hosted the conference"Preliminarily rice land conversion program less effective to planting corn in the Mekong Delta. "
This is an important conference to identify new steps to expand corn area; While noting thecomments of the leaders of specialized agricultural agencies, provincial DARD and businesses to improve processes SX fit.
Pattern matching, efficiency
2014, Institute of Agricultural Sciences Vietnam (VASS) embark on transition model paddy plantingcorn on land, resulting in spring-summer maize crop (XH) in An Giang and Can Tho yield of 8-8 5tons / ha; at Duc Hoa, Duc Hue (Long An) Social and HT maize crop reaches 10-11 tonnes / ha.
At Thanh Binh (Dong Thap) autumn-winter maize crop (TD) achieve the highest yield of 10-12 tons /ha. After deducting the cost of corn farmers achieve superior return than rice, more than 6-7 million / ha. Achieving income growth of at least 20% of farmers participating models than before the conversion.
Le Quoc Thanh, Director of the Center for Technology Transfer and Extension (under VAAS) says:Efficient model is of great significance, because in recent years rice production and sales ofinsecurity, the farmers profit diminished. Besides that, only in the first 6 months of 2014, our countrymaize deficit of up to 2.9 million tons, 2.3 times greater than the same period in 2013.
The model proved Mekong Delta soil conditions, weather and climatic conditions favorable for the conversion of plant structure. Which converts corn consistent with the scheme "Restructuring the agricultural sector towards increasing the added value and sustainable development", the policyserves 200,000 hectares of rice land conversion inefficiency of government.
Hybrid maize farmers on rice field
Tran Truong Tan Tai, Director of Sales DEKLAB Vietnam Co. Ltd, said, in the past year (from Januaryto March 10-2014 10-2013) Company accompanied Institute of Agricultural Science for Southernand implementation Fortune 54 Company model of maize through the DX, XH, HT over an area of 4,400 hectares in seven provinces in the region.
Mr Tai said: "If the model has good coordination between the parties will be more successful. Yetstill reach many bright spots, as typical: Nhi Truong Commune, Cau district Horizontal (Tra Vinh)with 0.7 hectares transition model from rice to maize, hybrid DK6919, Volume Ten farmers (Phamvolume), achieved total sales of over 30.5 million, after deducting expenses reached 10.6 millionprofit. While previous crop cultivation, Mr. Ten sales volume reached only 21.1 million, after deducting interest expense SX only 3.5 million.
In Tan Lap, Tan Thanh (Long An), Mr. Dinh Van tags in 1.7 hectares of rice, corn on the ground HT2014, reaching sales of over 71.1 million, after deducting interest expenses 20.1 million.Compared to rice HT 2013 he could reach a total revenue of 49.2 Xiao Dong, excluding interestexpense SX 13.8 million ".
And yet disturbed
The majority of agricultural workers to visit the Mekong Delta province of Dong Thap patternrecognition corn on the efficiency of rice land, capable of replication. Yet not a few commentswondering when the condition of infrastructure in the Delta remains difficult, especially investmentneeded to renovate the irrigation system irrigates the switch.
Maize harvest in the Mekong Delta
According to Department of Horticulture, from early 2014 to now MD Transformation vegetablecrops estimated 162 117 ha, of which 25 to 30 thousand hectares of maize. The corn modelinefficient rice land in the Mekong Delta has proven to bring high economic efficiency. In An Giang, Dong Thap outstanding corn farmers profit 1.5-1.8 times higher than rice.
How farmers understand the conversion process. And the problem is prerequisite consumer market, as more companies sign contracts with farmers to grow corn as possible. By the present value of fresh corn in the 3400-3600 drop was VND / kg, so this conversion?
Meanwhile on labor, a farmer in the Delta can cultivate 10 hectares of rice, but corn only afford 2hectares. This is due to lack of mechanization. To expand SX, how have the machinery to farmers isa difficult problem.
Cao Van Hoa, deputy director of Tien Giang DARD Evidence: 2014, Tien Giang switch SX melon,corn on 3,500 hectares. Actual corn can fully compete with rice, but requires focus motorizedstages. If not done hardly reduce costs, it is difficult to expand the area.
Zhou Hong Phuc, Vice Chairman Dong Thap Province, said, "In recent years, Dong Thapencourage farmers to switch to corn, sesame, soy ... but corn really hard on rice field needscalculated applying mechanized, reducing costs further. "
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Le Quoc Doanh emphasized: Performconversion plant is a major policy and government policies to support 2 million / ha on the plannedconversion. Besides MARD will support the technical implementation of the transformation model, including corn on rice land.
Recently maize transformation model results is the story started. We have built models andconfirmed the ability to replicate, as model Thanh Binh district, Dong Thap, Long An ... This is due tothe local government and farmers adamant switch, positive, creative.
Looking ahead, there are 2 techniques to further research directions, as appropriate maizebreeding and mechanization in the Mekong Delta; Here is a key extension programs. EarlyCultivation Department implemented a written transition plan to each province, emphasis in theSocial Transformation, HT and one for TD; focus simultaneously connect businesses with farmers in the production and sales of products.