Vietnam defeats India to become the largest cashew producer in the worldUpdate: 12/6/2013
Indian cashew production has increased more than 2 times in the past 20 years. However, the yield is still low compared to competitors such as Vietnam's.
According to official estimates, the Indian cashew production in 2012 - 2013 is about 730 thousand tons, cultivated over an area of 980 thousand hectares. This number is up comparepd to the yield from 348 thousand tons to 565 thousand hectares in area with 500 thousand tons from 1993 to 1994 with an area of 770 thousand hectares in 2002 - 2003.
However, Vietnam has increased productivity in recent years and won the position of No. 1 cashew produce from Indian hands.
Total raw cashew nuts produced in Vietnam in 1993 was 186 thousand tons to 69.1 thousand ha. This figure increased to 127.3 thousand tons with an area of 331 thousand hectares in 2011, according to the latest statistics of the FAO.
Vietnam's cashew yield is 3.8 tons / ha, India is 772 kgs / ha.
The experts believe that the problems about Indian plantations relates to farms and they need to replace the trees with a higher yield.
India accounts for 24% of the growing area in the world, accounting for 19% of global output. Meanwhile, Vietnam accounts for 10% of the cultivated area and production yields are higher.